History and Introduction of tea in Morocco.
Consumption of tea in the Maghreb suggests that the rich traditions associated with this use have very ancient origins in the region, but remember that tea appeared in China about 5,000 years ago. During the Hans dynasty, it was a drink reserved for the Court: it was necessary to wait for centuries for...
History and Introduction of tea in Morocco.
Consumption of tea in the Maghreb suggests that the rich traditions associated with this use have very ancient origins in the region, but remember that tea appeared in China about 5,000 years ago. During the Hans dynasty, it was a drink reserved for the Court: it was necessary to wait for centuries for it to be generalized as popular drink and to be marketed throughout the world.
It is an Arab trader by the name of Soulayman, moreover, who would have spoken the first of tea since the ninth century, describing it as "a herb that has more leaves than clover, a little more perfume too, But very bitter ... ". Four hundred years later, Marco Polo mentioned tea as a commodity common in China. It becomes an economic issue as it spreads across Europe and beyond in the vast British empire. During the reign of the Sultan Moulay Ismail, the tea makes its entry into Morocco: as present of the English embassies to the Court, it was then a rare drink reserved to the Sultan and the notables. It was during the Crimean War in 1854 that the use of tea became widespread in Morocco. The blockade of the Baltic, forbidding English merchants in the Slav countries, prompted the Indian Company to seek other commercial outlets for surplus merchandise amassed in its colonial counters. Moroccan ports very close to Gibraltar were then designated to transport the product to Morocco. The counters of Tangier and Mogador (Essaouira) constituted the hubs of the tea trade which gradually became a popular drink. The arrival of the tea was immediately welcomed because it filled a real void: it replaced the herbal teas, wine forbidden by religion, and coffee, too expensive and not very widespread. The marriage of tea, spearmint, sugar and teapot was to make the happiness of the people and the fortune of the merchants: in half a century the new drink had spread all over Morocco and the Sahara. Long entirely imported from Asia, it has been cultivated locally for some years. In Morocco, the Loukkos plain now produces 10% of the national consumption. For its part, the production of spearmint (Mentha viridis, M. crispa, M.crispata, M. villosa, na'na '), of which there exist in the Maghreb real crus (mint of Tiznit, mint of Meknes, etc.). ) Has seen the same evolution. Ceremony of tea in Morocco. Little by little, a ceremonial took place, and a whole folklore developed around this new consumption became the national drink par excellence. So much so that nowadays, mint green tea appears, at first sight, as an immutable tradition going back to the beginnings of history. The North African ceremony of mint tea is of Muslim inspiration, considered as a gift from Allah. The officiant has before him the objects of worship: the little colorful teapot, the glasses, the sugar loaf that his packaging protects, says a Moorish proverb, "like the veil of a bride" and mint, Wet tissue that prevents it from wilting (the most sought after species is the so-called "bug nana"). Then, tea is served up to one meter above the glass. Indeed, all the art of tea consists of foaming it, because only the tea served very foamy honors the guest with dignity (when the water is boiled to prepare the tea, it loses its oxygen. Causing the liquid to flow from a very high point, the water is re-oxygenated for better digestion.) Hence the ancestral gesture of the burning liquid poured from glass glass, straight and high enough, to raise the foam or "The turban". Then the three ritual rounds: the first tea is "bitter as life", the second a little sweeter, "sweet as love", the last, frankly syrupy, "suave like death". The word "siroter" then takes on its full meaning. The Moors speak of the "three Js" of tea, which summarize its use in three Arabic words: Jar (slowness), Jamar (the embers), Jmaa (the group). "(Excerpt from" Hiking in Erg Makteir with La Balaguère "by Jean-Pierre Langellier).
Tea: Benefits and Health.
A cup of tea is so familiar to us that it is difficult for us to imagine that, in each sip, there are hidden substances beneficial to our organism, able to develop our immune defenses but also to help us fight against certain chronic diseases. The great medicinal virtue of tea: its antioxidant power. Tea is rich in polyphenols, substances well known for their protective properties. They have an antioxidant action on the body. Green tea contains mainly catechins and black tea, theaflavins. These substances would be even more effective than vitamins C and E: recent scientific studies have demonstrated